Here’s the questionnaire we should use at Dawlish
The film garbage dreams is set in Cairo, Egypt. It focusses on the lives of the Zabbaleen who are a Christian community who for a living collect rubbish from outside houses and sort it and sell it on to be recycled.
The Zabbaleen are sustainable as the three key points to something being sustainable are Economic, Social and Environment. The Zabbaleen meet these points very well; Economic met by the fact the Zabbaleen provide the rubbish collection service for free. Social is for filled by, that without this opportunity to this Christian community they would be jobless. Environment is helped by the fact the Zabbaleen recycle 80% of all rubbish collected.
Although the Zabbaleen do a good job their jobs are constantly at risk. Foreign garbage collectors pose a serious threat to the lives of the Zabbaleen; these companies don’t recycle as much and require payment so the thoughts of the people in charge of this matter can be questionable. Another danger in the lives of the Zabbaleen is the fact of disease, diseases such as tetanus and unfortunately high infant mortality rates.
To help solve these problems the Zabbaleen have social workers which give them tetanus jabs (although they do complain it hurts too much) and families with young children are kept under a watchful eye. To cope with the problem of the foreign companies groups have been formed to protest against it but mostly there has been a ‘Garbage School’ introduced to promote careful are safe working habits which can compete with the large companies.
The overall message of the film is although you may have a great scheme you must get used to the times changing and must keep up with the globalisation of your trade and you have to make difficult choices to keep up.
Now more than half of the people on earth live in urban environments. But at the end of the 19th century only 3% lived in urban environments, but as this number was overall increasing. In Africa and Asia 1950 only 1% lived in urban zones meaning this huge chunk of the worlds population was still mostly rural. But now as many people in the rich north live in cities and towns the urbanisation has mostly finished whereas in the poor south urbanisation only started at the end of the 20th Century and is very much still happening. One of the main reasons that the rich north developed first is all the great inventions that were produced during the industrial revolution and the factory which would transform settlements into huge expanses of terraced streets and large chimneys towering into the sky. But these ideas did not spread to the south until now when small towns have transformed into huge cities housing thousands of people.
Urbanisation is caused by a large variety of reasons such as relatives living in the city or a better lifestyle like running water or electricity but mostly the many opportunities in the city. In a city someone is more likely to be successful due to the huge range of possible things to do whereas in rural areas the number of people living there is so small your opportunities are very limited. Urbanisation started happening in the rich north at the beginning of the 20th Century throughout the industrial revolution and was mostly farmers who moved into towns and cities to work in the brand new factories. But in the poorer south urbanisation is happening right now to many poor people who live in the country and believe things will be better in the cities.
The geographical term ‘urbanisation’ means the growth of cities. In 2008 a great step was made in which over half of people live in an urban environment before this time more people had lived in rural zones the growth of urban zones is still yet to increase.